Smart Farming / Agriculture
Despite a growing population, now predicted to reach 9.6 billion by 2050, the agriculture industry must rise to meet demand, regardless of environmental challenges like unfavorable weather conditions and climate change. To meet the needs of that growing population, the agriculture industry will have to adopt new technologies to gain a much-needed edge. New agricultural applications in smart farming and precision farming through IoT will enable the industry to increase operational efficiency, lower costs, reduce waste, and improve the quality of their yield.
So, what is smart farming? Smart farming is a capital-intensive and hi-tech system of growing food cleanly and sustainable for the masses. It is the application of modern ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) into agriculture.In IoT-based smart farming, a system is built for monitoring the crop field with the help of sensors (light, humidity, temperature, soil moisture, etc.) and automating the irrigation system. The farmers can monitor the field conditions from anywhere.
The applications of IoT-based smart farming not only target conventional, large farming operations, but could also be new levers to uplift other growing or common trends in agricultural like organic farming, family farming (complex or small spaces, particular cattle and/or cultures, preservation of particular or high-quality varieties, etc.), and enhance highly transparent farming.In terms of environmental issues, IoT-based smart farming can provide great benefits including more efficient water usage, or optimization of inputs and treatments
You must be aware that Mushroom has been identified as a priority item in the government’s recent program of promoting production of vegetables & fruits in the country. Mushroom has been included in the mid day meal of the school children too. This in totality will enhance the demand of mushrooms in the entire country. Today INDIA is producing just 2,01,000 Tons of mushrooms per annum. However, this much production does not stand anywhere compared to China that is producing around 33 million Tons of mushrooms. Thus, right now mushroom production is the most promising field in the Indian agriculture.
WHY MUSHROOM CULTIVATION
1. Excellent source of good quality proteins (It contains all 20 essential amino acids in it) to fight protein malnutrition in the Indian masses. Highest producer of protein per unit area and time.
2. Profitable & environmentally sustainable way of recycling abundant agro waste for food (Zero Waste Technology).
3. To reduce pressure on arable land (grown indoors utilizing space).
4. Excellent medicinal value (diabetes, cardiac diseases & anticancer etc.).
5. Labor intensive providing gainful employment.
6. Foreign exchange earner through exports.
Corona virus pandemic has led to surging demand for organic foods. Organic sales have seen a “hefty sales increase” globally. Despite the current crisis the UK organic market is set to surpass the £2.5bn sales mark by the end of the year, achieving more than 50% of the growth in a decade. Highest sales growth has been noted in United States due to unprecedented demand of Organic food products. March & April saw an increase in organic sales with many soil associations licensees working round the clock to meet this demand.
Organic product sales outperformed the growth seen in the non-organic sector in the same period. Organic foods are viewed as being healthier & safer than conventional alternatives.Organic foods avoid synthetic pesticides &agro-chemicals and are therefore considered to have less harmful chemicals than conventional foods.
India will be looked upon by the world as an alternative to China for the supply of organic agricultural products and hence there is a great opportunity for the country to double its organic exports from the current Rs 5000 Crore to Rs 10000 crore. As per Agricultural & Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) statistics, Indian organic exports rose to Rs 5151 Crore in year 2018/2019, up 50% from the previous year. Considering this Compounded Annual Growth Rate of 50% in organic exports it is envisaged that the export of organic food products will be doubling to Rs 10000 Crore by the year 2021-2022. Considering the above facts organic farming holds a promising future in INDIA.
Of the three agriculture-related ordinances promulgated on June 5, 2020 in India, the most predictable was ‘The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Ordinance, 2020’. It provides a framework for farmers to enter direct contracts with those who wish to buy farm produce. So far, in most of the country, a farmer cannot directly sell his produce to consumers or food processing companies; he must go through a licensed trader.
Basically, the Ordinance has three main features:
A farmer may enter into a written agreement which can specify terms and conditions of quality, grade, time of supply price and the extension services etc.
The agreement could be for a period of 1 to 5 years.
The price or any variation of the same must be part of the agreement. For any additional amount over the agreed price, the prevailing price in Agriculture Produce Marketing Committee (APMC)/electronic portal etc. will be the benchmark.
Micropropagation is the artificial process of producing plants vegetatively through tissue culture technique. In this artificial process of propagation, plants are produced in vitro by asexual means of reproduction.
The various applications of micropropagation are:
o Plant tissue in small amounts is sufficient to produce millions of clones in a year using micropropagation. It would take a great deal of time to produce an equal number of plants using conventional methods.
o The technique of micropropagation provides a good alternative for those plant species that show resistance to practices of conventional bulk propagation.
o An alternative method of vegetative propagation for mass propagation is offered through micropropagation. Plants in large numbers can be produced in a short period. Any variety may be produced in large quantities and the time to develop new varieties is reduced by 50%.
o Large amounts of plants can be maintained in small spaces. This helps to save endangered species and the storage of germplasm.
o The micropropagation method produces plants free of diseases. Hence, disease-free varieties are obtained through this technique by using meristem tip culture.
o Proliferation of in vitro stocks can be done at any time of the year. Also, a nursery can produce fruit, ornamental, and tree species throughout the year.
o Increased yield of plants and increased vigor in floriculture species are achieved.
o Fast international exchange of plant material without the risk of disease introduction is provided. The time required for quarantine is lessened by this method.
o The micropropagation technique is also useful for seed production in certain crops as the requirement of genetic conservation to a high degree is important for seed production.
o Through somatic embryogenesis production of synthetic artificial seeds is becoming popular nowadays.
Polyhouse is a structure made of translucent material like polyethylene where the plants grow and develop under controlled climatic conditions. The size of structure can differ from small shacks to big-size buildings as per the need.
Crops grown in Polyhouse
Fruits that can be grown are Papaya, Strawberry etc.
Vegetables that can be grown include Cabbage, Bitter Gourd, Capsicum, Radish, Cauliflower, Chili, Coriander, Onion, Spinach, Tomato etc.
Flowers like Carnation, Gerbera, Marigold, Orchid, and Rose can also be easily grown.
Benefits of Polyhouse
Polyhouse is very beneficial for the farmers specially those who prefer organic farming. here are few of the benefits of a polyhouse:
· Your plants are grown under controlled temperature thus there is less chances of crop loss or damage.
· You can grow crops throughout the year and will not have to wait for any particular season.
· There are less pests and insects in a polyhouse.
· External climate will not have any impact of the growth of crops.
· Quality of produce is obviously higher in polyhouse.
· Good drainage and aeration
· Propagation of Ornamental Crops can also be done effortlessly in a polyhouse.
· Poly House gives the right environmental facilities to your plants in any season.
· It also increases yield for about 5 to 10 times.
· Less cropping period
Fertilizer application is easier and is controlled automatically with the help of drip irrigation.
“Well Begun Is Half Done” the old saying stands true in case of agriculture too. Use of Certified Grade seed has been the point of improvement in yield & quality of farm produce. Fortunately, our Chief Consultant has independently run seed business with business tycoons. He knows the nitty gritty of things at commercial level. Seed business is a promising aspect in Agriculture. To get seed business established & successfully run the guidance of a professional such as Prof. (Dr.) Anurag Tewari (Chief Consultant Rising Roots) can give edge to the entrepreneurs from step one of the projects.
FLORICULTURE & LANDSCAPING
The floriculture industry involves the grower, who mass-produces flowers for the wholesale market, and the retail florist, who markets to the public. The grower is often a family farm, but, as in all modern agriculture, the size of the growing unit is increasing. There is a movement away from urban areas, with their high taxes and labor costs, to locations with lower tax rates and a rural labor pool and toward more favorable climatic regions (milder temperature and more sunlight). The development of airfreight has emphasized interregional and international competition. Flowers can be shipped long distances by air and arrive in fresh condition to compete with locally grown products.
The industry of landscape horticulture is divided into growing, maintenance, and design. Growing of plants for landscape is called the nursery business, although a nursery refers broadly to the growing and establishment of any young plant before permanent planting. The nursery industry involves production and distribution of woody and herbaceous plants and is often expanded to include ornamental bulb crops—corms, tubers, rhizomes, and swollen roots as well as true bulbs. Production of cuttings to be grown in greenhouses or for indoor use (foliage plants), as well as the production of bedding plants, is usually considered part of floriculture, but this distinction is fading. While most nursery crops are ornamental, the nursery business also includes fruit plants and certain perennial vegetables used in home gardens, for example, asparagus and rhubarb.
Team rising roots has professionals holding long experience of landscaping & floriculture. They have industrial exposure of high repute. Team rising roots can create gardens with beautiful landscapes in varying climates. Hence, you may show confidence in the expertise of young & energetic team of rising roots who can take up the project from scratch.
Veterinary & Animal Husbandry
“Veterinary is the branch of medicine that basically deals with finding, curing a prevention of diseases on animals”.
In veterinary sciences we are mainly concerned with animal’s health & production. We advise on good animal husbandry practices, management, hygiene, prevention techniques for animal diseases and their treatments. We have database for all commonly occurring diseases of animals that helps us in finalizing the health & treatment plan. We also advice on preparing detailed project reports for rearing various kinds of animals. The reports mention the techno economic feasibility of the project.
Veterinary medicine has made many important contributions to animal and human health. Included are dramatic reductions in animal sources of human exposure to tuberculosis and brucellosis. Safe and effective vaccines have been developed for prevention of many companion (pet) animal diseases—e.g., canine distemper and feline distemper (panleukopenia). The vaccine developed for control of Marek’s disease in chickens was the first anticancer vaccine. Veterinarians developed surgical techniques, such as hip-joint replacement and organ transplants, that were later applied successfully to people.
Nanoscience is the alteration of atoms or molecules to synthesize new products in the size range of less than 100 nanometers. The popularity of this science has grown due to its applications in nanosensors, nanomedicines, wastewater treatment, and nanofertilizers. The gradually growing pollution and worsening of soil has resulted in reducing the yield output and eventually disturbing the national economy. Therefore, to uplift the productivity efficiency, nanofertilizers are being used on a commercial scale. Nanofertilizers usage supports to overcome the water and soil pollution problems and lower the carbon emissions viz a viz conventional fertilizers that disturb the climate severely. Nanofertilizers facilitate the uptake of nutrients by the crop and hence improve their quality and yield.
Recently a lot of developments have taken place in the field of nanotechnology. Amongst them very few of it is with respect to the Rice growth. Nano Phosphorus fertilizer in rice has been tested by various groups and Nano Zinc fertilizer has been tested in Rice too. The work on Nano fertilizer has reached the level where major fertilizer companies have started multi locational on field trials of Nano fertilizer and launched it at commercial scale in the domestic market. It is an indicative that Nano fertilizers have got a great future ahead in promoting sustainable agriculture. Yet, till now no research work has been reported on the testing of nano fertilizer in so many fruits, vegetables & cereals etc.
Corporate Training Program
Have you ever heard the famous Benjamin Franklin quote that “An investment in knowledge pays the best interest”? He definitely got it spot on. Many organizations support this idea today and consider corporate training an essential part of a company’s investment and growth strategy.
Corporate training, also known as Corporate Education or more recently Workplace Learning, is a system of activities designed to educate employees. While it helps employers, it is also beneficial for employees as it helps them obtain and hone knowledge and skills to progress professionally and personally.
Working on this concept Rising Roots and MNCs signed a deed under which Rising Roots will be training the various stakeholders of the group in the field of Agriculture. The objective of this program was to enable various participants to understand the requirements of the farming community in agriculture engineering. The said program also made the participants use to various agricultural activities.
- Program was inaugurated by the Chief Executive Officer of the MNC.
- Till date more than 500 stakeholders have already been trained under this program.
- Program comprises of 2 sections first one is a Power Point Presentation & another is a field practical.
- All the participants are trained in driving tractor.
- A training session also includes quality testing generally for Wheat & Rice crop.
- Reading material including booklet is distributed amongst the participants.
- Efficiency of Nano fertilizer produced at Nano Technology Lab was demonstrated in Rice & Wheat crop.
- Training ends up with a questionnaire & Training Feedback form to be filled by the participants.
A well trained & confident lot of stakeholders who can develop a strategy to device the agriculture implements to meet the farmer’s requirement.